Traditionally, Czech surgeons have been well trained in coloproctology. Surgeons at the turn of the 19th century became pioneers of this specialty in the country, especially Vinzenz Czerny, who became the first to publish in 1884 on the topic of abdomino-perineal resection of the rectum and Carl Maydl, who’s modified colostomy approach from 1888 still carries his name today.

The development of coloproctology as the surgical subspecialty resulted in 1980s to the establishment of Section of Coloproctology within Czech Surgical Society.
One national meeting is organized by this section annually.

Population: 10,5 million
ESCP Members:

Registered Colorectal Surgeons: 160
National society: Section of Coloproctology of the Czech Surgical Society (CZ)
ESCP Representative Name: Petr Vlcek, M.D., Ph.D

National Examination: Yes, National Board of Coloproctology Qualification, since 2012
Perspectives In Surgery (Rozhledy v chirurgii, ISSN 0035-9351)


Because of high incidence of colorectal cancer in Czech Republic a significant attention with a high concerned about this disease exists. An effective screening program has been developed and established in collaboration with Czech Gastroenterology Society. This program resulted into decreased incidence of advanced stages of colorectal cancer. Moreover, national audit focused on quality of TME in patient with rectal cancer was performed and relevant measures implemented thereafter to improve the evaluation and surgical technique. Thanks to well organized system high quality care of congenital colo- and anorectal defects, degenerative colonic diseases and functional disorders is available. National guidelines for surgical treatment of IBD have been prepared in collaboration with Czech IBD working. The enhanced recovery national project is in progress and collaboration with Czech Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine was established, with guidelines expected to be issued in 2017.

Current Research:

  • Genetics in colorectal malignancies
  • Quality evaluation of mesorectum after TME
  • Early predictors of anastomotic leak and minimal invasive techniques of transanal repair
  • Robotic colorectal surgery
  • Functional results after TME

Future Plans:

One of our main goals is to promote minimally invasive approach in colorectal surgery which should be implemented at national level. We would like to encourage young surgeons to enter the training in colorectal surgery and support their research activities and participation in national and international meetings. Emphasis should be also placed on better auditing and development of national register specifically for surgical treatment of colorectal diseases.

Section of Coloproctology of Czech Surgical Society

The annual symposium was held in Prague in February 2020. Invited lectures from local as well as international speakers were presented during the meeting focused on robotic colorectal surgery.
More information will be available on

ESCP Affiliates